Tamil Nadu is a State in Southern India. It is a state rich in art and culture and its roots run back to over two centuries. Chennai, one of the four metropolitan cities of India, is the capital of Tamil Nadu. Tamil, one of the oldest languages in the world is spoken by 89% of the population in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu is famous for its temples; the Dravidian Architecture used to create these temples is unique and brilliant. This is one of the main reasons for this state being the second largest tourism industry in India.
Where is Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal and The Indian Ocean to the East and South with Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala to the West and North. The state has the third longest coastline running to about 910 km. Tamil Nadu marks the Southern tip of the Indian Peninsula. The Palk Strait, from the state, separates India from Sri Lanka, which is a meager 30 km by sea.
Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Trichy and Kanyakumari are major cities in Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore is the Manchester of South India. Madurai has temples of historical prominence. Trichy, apart from being a Hindu pilgrimage center, is also famous for being the capital of early Cholas, Pandyas and Pallavas. Kanyakumari marks the southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula.
Places to Visit
Tamil Nadu, being a major pilgrimage center, has some of the oldest temples in the world. The Brihadeeshwara Temple in Thanjavur and Airavatheshwara Temple in Kumbakonam were built during the Chola regime, and the Dravidian Architecture is considered to be a marvel. The Pallavas built the monolithic shore temples at Mahabalipuram during their reign in 8th Century, but some of temples were washed away by the sea. The remaining temples have been listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Temples in Chidambaram, Rameshwaram, and Tiruvannamalai are all major tourist destinations in the state.
Ooty, Kodaikanal, Yercaude, Yelagiri, Coonoor, Valparai are a few hill stations in the state. The abundance of medicinal herbs in the hills of the state has time and again attracted medical tourists looking for a cure for health-related issues. Vedanthangal, one of the oldest bird sanctuaries in India, is located 75 km from Chennai. Mudumalai, an elephant reserve, shares boundaries with Bandipur, the tiger reserve in Karnataka.
Marina beach in Chennai is the second longest beach and has the longest shore in the world. Courtallam, Hogenakkal and Pykara falls are summer delights for tourists flocking the state.